The 10 Fastest-Growing Annuals From Seed
Get a jump-start on spring planting with the prettiest and fastest-growing annuals around.
Annuals are a surefire way to quickly add a pop of color to containers, window boxes and bare spots in flower beds. You’ll get the best bang for your buck and speedy results when you start spring annuals from seed. Sow these hardy, fast-growing annuals directly in the ground in early spring, and before you can say “summer,” your backyard bursts into bloom.
Three Types of Annuals and When to Sow Them
- Hardy: If your soil is workable, the seeds can go right in the ground. Or start indoors eight to 10 weeks before last frost date and transplant about a month later. (Psst! Many of the annuals in our list are hardy annuals!)
- Half-hardy: Sow outdoors after threat of hard frost (below 25 F) has ended. Or start indoors six to eight weeks before last frost date.
- Tender: Place seeds in the ground after all danger of frost has passed. Or start indoors four to six weeks before last frost date.
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Check out these nine tips for getting your garden to bloom quickly. You’ll thank us later!
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You can bet on this bang-for-your-buck classic, with bright blossoms of yellow, orange and mahogany that show themselves within eight weeks of sowing. For best results, plant marigold in full sun and in well-draining soil. Interestingly enough, these blooms flourish in poorer soils so no fertilizer is necessary. Check out our list of smart, easy tips to really make your garden shine
Why we love it: With a no-wilt demeanor, it makes the perfect garden addition. Plus, deer steer clear of it.
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2. Sweet pea
This vining vixen, with ruffled blossoms and slender tendrils, looks best when climbing — on bean tepees, arbors, trellises or fences. Sweet peas like it cool, so gardeners in northern climates should sow in early spring, while southern dwellers are wise to plant in fall. Soak seeds for several days before planting. Check out these inexpensive plants that will make your garden pop.
Why we love it: The intoxicating fragrance — a mix of honey, jasmine and orange — perfumes the air with a seductive scent that sends you swooning.
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3. Morning glory
Old-fashioned charm and trumpet-shaped flowers in pink, white, purple, blue and magenta make this quick-growing vine a favorite. A true sun worshipper, the petals unfurl every morning to greet the day. File or chip the outer coat of the seed with a sharp knife or razor blade and soak in warm water for a day or two before planting for best germination results. Plus, check out these 10 seriously useful gardening tips every beginner needs to know.
Why we love it: The foliage — heart-shaped, bright green leaves among curlicue tendrils — is as lovely and romantic as the blooms themselves.
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These perky bloomers are available in almost every color imaginable. Tiny seedlings show up just days after sowing, with flowers appearing about six weeks later. Bonus: Zinnias are bouquet favorites. Zinnias are one of the tough flowers that can survive in harsh sun.
Why we love it: Flowers can’t be more low-maintenance than zinnias. They need almost zero care during the growing season. Just make sure you select disease-resistant varieties to avoid powdery mildew.
photo credit: Rose Reising (B&B reader)
A vigorous grower that’s as pretty as it is tough, phlox is a smart choice for gardeners looking for a quick fix in a hard-to-grow spot. Tiny bunches of dainty flowers in hues of pink, red, white, blue and purple create drifts of impressive color, especially in early summer, along borders and in containers.
Why we love it: Its cottage-garden charm is worth the minimal effort it takes to grow. Bees, butterflies and birds thank you, too.
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Cute as a button, its frilly flowers are a throwback to Grandma’s garden. Easy to grow and fast to show, they should be sown in sunny areas where the mature plant can self-seed and naturalize. Butterflies and other pollinators can’t get enough of this perfect addition to cutting and cottage gardens. Check out these 10 low-maintenance flowers you (practically) can’t kill.
Why we love it: Not many flowers out there naturally boast a true blue hue. Plus, it looks just as pretty cut and dried as it does fresh.
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Technically an herbaceous perennial, nasturtium is often treated as an annual. Fast-growing and easy to care for, it wins the prize for prettiest edible flower, with brilliant orange blooms on top of emerald green foliage. Seedlings appear in a little over a week after sowing. If a softer hue is more your style, try creamy yellow Peach Melba. Here are some of our best tips on how to start seeds indoors.
Why we love it: The peppery blooms and leaves are delicious in salads when you go pesticide-free. Grow just outside your kitchen in a container garden or as a ground cover within arm’s reach of your front door.
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8. California poppy
With fernlike foliage, cupped blooms the color of the setting sun and an easy-growing nature, there’s a lot to like about this native-to-some-states wildflower. As its name suggests, it thrives in full sun. Don’t expect much of a show when it’s overcast or raining, though, because its flowers close in protest. Check out the best garden and lawn edging ideas and tips.
Why we love it: A reliable display brings dazzle to dry spots in the garden. Use poppies when xeriscaping, in a rock garden or in that spot in the yard that’s hard to reach with the hose.
Bonus Tip! California poppies bloom more prolifically with the help of a little deadheading. Just leave a few spent flowers on the stems because the plant self-seeds.
photo credit: Deborah Welch (B&B reader)
Loved by artists, gardeners and wildlife alike, this daisy-shaped beauty with showy blooms and vintage charm grows six feet or more in just three months. Plant in flower beds and cutting gardens, or along borders. Remarkably tough sunflowers love long, hot summers and thrive in full sun with moist but well-draining soil. Follow these 25 tips for planning the perfect garden.
Why we love it: Red, yellow, white or bicolor, there’s a sunflower to fit any style. Strawberry Blonde and Moulin Rouge cultivars are must-haves.
photo credit: Karen Harris (B&B reader)
Truly out of this world, cosmos’s elegant, crepe-like blooms on long, slender stems are like no other. While seeds get off to a super fast start, the plant’s blooms are at their best in summer, so patience is key. Care is minimal and the show is spectacular. Just be sure to protect cosmos from strong winds.
Why we love it: This plant self-seeds and spreads with ease. Frugal gardeners may want to harvest seeds in fall to replant in different locations in spring. Here are 10 easy ways to save money on gardening.