How to Replace an Exterior Door

DIY techniques for a weathertight exterior door installation

Next Project
Time

Multiple Days

Complexity

Intermediate

Cost

Varies

Introduction

Replace a worn, drafty front door with a stylish new energy-efficient one. Replacement doors come pre-hung in a weatherstripped frame and you don't have to be a master carpenter to do a first-class job. We'll show you the techniques that will result in a perfect, weathertight installation.

Tools Required

  • 2-ft. and 4-ft. levels
  • Caulk gun
  • Hammer
  • Miter saw
  • Nail set
  • Pry bar
  • Reciprocating saw
  • Tape measure
  • Utility knife

Materials Required

  • 10d finish nails
  • 10d galvanized casing nails
  • 16d galvanized casing nails
  • 3-in. deck screws
  • 4d finish nails
  • 6d finish nails
  • Backer rod
  • Minimal expanding foam
  • Polyurethane caulk
  • Roll of flexible self-sticking flashing membrane
  • Transition molding Transition molding (optional; Photo 13)
  • Treated lumber to build up the sill (optional)

Prehung Exterior Door Installation

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Rarely can you complete a project in a weekend that will save you money and dramatically improve the looks of your house like hanging a new front door. In this article we’ll show you how to order a prehung exterior door that fits like a glove. Then we’ll show you, step by step, how to get your old door out and the new one in.

If you can handle basic carpentry tasks, you’ll have no trouble installing a new pre-hung entry door in a day. Figure on another day to finish the details and start painting the door. Front door paint adds personality and curb appeal.

Video: How to Hang a Door

Project step-by-step (19)

Step 1

Figure A: Measure Your Old Door

In most cases, simply order a new door the same size as the old one. If you alter the size or add sidelights, you’ll have to reframe the opening and alter many details. This usually doubles or triples the size of the job. Here are the four sets of measurements you’ll need to order a door (refer to Figure A for extra details):

Door size

  • Measure the width and height of your old door.
  • Round these up to full inches to find the size of the replacement door you’ll need.
  • For example, if your door measures 35-3/4 in. wide and 79-1/2 in. tall, you’ll order a 36-in. by 80-in. door.

Jamb width

  • Measure from the backside of the interior trim to the backside of the exterior trim (Figure A).
  • Specify this jamb width when you order your new prehung door.
  • This guarantees that the interior trim will fit flush to the wall without adding “jamb extensions.”

Rough opening

  • You’ll need to remove the interior trim for accurate measurements of the rough opening.
  • Measure the opening width between framing members and from the bottom of the sill to the top of the opening.
  • Compare these measurements to the rough opening requirements of your new door to make sure it will fit.

Exterior opening (or “masonry opening” if you have a brick or stone door surround)

  • Measure to the outsides of the exterior casing, then from the bottom of the sill to the top of the trim.
  • Compare these measurements with those of a prehung door that has standard two-inch-wide “brick molding” trim.
  • If the framed door with standard trim is too small to fill the space, or if you want a different trim style, you have three options.
  • The best solution is a door with wider, flat casing to fit the opening. You can always add a piece of decorative molding overtop to approximate the style of your existing exterior trim. (We ordered 2-1/4-in. flat casing and reinstalled the existing decorative molding.)
  • Second, you can order your door with standard molding and fill the gap with additional strips of wood.
  • The last option is to order the door without exterior molding and make your own to fit.

Step 2

Remove Your Old Door

  • Tap the hinge pins loose with a hammer and nail set.
  • Then swing the door open and lift it off.
  • Protect the floor with a dropcloth. The old door will be heavy.

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